Rhinoplasty is often presented in popular culture as a simple cosmetic surgery but in truth it is a critical medical procedure involving nuanced processes designed to improve the nasal area either for aesthetic or health purposes. People who wish to improve their appearance may wish to have a bump erased or the angle of their nose tilted to a more favorable position. More serious considerations are taken into account if rhinoplasty is being conducted for health reasons such as blunt trauma, respiratory difficulties or congenital birth defects. Whatever the motivation the basic principles behind the procedural steps involved in rhinoplasty have remained largely unchanged.
Step 1. Consultation on the procedure.
The first thing a trained surgeon does is to speak to a patient so as to definitively understand exactly what is motivating him or her to get the procedure. The surgeon will inform the patient of any potential risk and use images or videos to explain exactly what the medical operation will involve.
Step 2. Administration of Anesthesia.
Unless a patient is predisposed to allergic reactions then a doctor determine whether to use general anesthesia or intravenous application. Local anesthesia numbs pain around the nose alone while intravenous sedatives relax a patient into a deep sleep.
3. Slitting Into The Nasal Region.
In determining rhinoplasty procedure steps the single most important decision for a surgeon is determining whether to perform open or closed rhinoplasty. Open rhinoplasty involves a cut across the columella while in closed rhinoplasty the incisions aren’t visible because they are made inside the nasal passages.
4. Keeping an Eye on Vital Signs.
During any surgery the surgeon must have assisting staff whose job it is to ensure that a patient`s vital signs remain within acceptable parameters. These vital signs include heart rate, temperature, blood pressure and respiration all of which help assess whether a patient is experiencing difficulties.
5. Restructuring Nasal Anatomy.
In order to grasp how this is done it is necessary to understand how the nose is naturally configured. The upper part of the nose is made of bone while the lower part is mainly supported by cartilage . In order to reshape the nose a surgeon will use cartilage from places where it may be unnecessary such as the ears, ribs or even the nose itself. Alar cartilage is found at the lower end of the nose and it is what determines the shape of a nasal tip in terms of sharpness and width.
The septum is what divides the nasal cavity in half and if it is damaged then a patient experiences pain and frequent nose bleeds. This can be corrected by using cartilage to straighten out the septum to allow for easier air flow.
6. Repairing The Incision.
In rhinoplasty procedure steps the final phase is as critical as the first because if the nose is not delicately sealed up again then all the work done thus far could be in vain or worse create even more health complications. Surgeons use dissolvable stitches to sow up the incisions and nasal airway splints are put in place to hold up the passage ways so they do not sink and collapse into themselves before adequate healing has occurred.
Once the procedure is done a patient can look at themselves in the mirror to observe changes made or wait a while for everything to heal and then pass judgement on whether the procedure was a success or not.
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